Erbil Stock Exchange
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FAQ

Wednesday, 17 Dec 2014 12:48 PM

Frequently Asked Questions and Answers.

A Stock Exchange is a market where large and small investors can buy and sell securities (shares, bonds etc.) It is an organized market where buyers and sellers of securities meet as dealers/brokers represent them and acquire or sell securities. It is a market in which securities are traded by members of the Exchange who may act as both Agents (Brokers) and as Principals.
This is where new issues of securities are offered to the public
This is where already existing securities are bought and sold on the exchange through licensed stockbrokers.
These financial documents are in the form of debt (bonds) or equity (shares) by which the claims of holders are secured.
Is a borrowing arrangement in which the borrower issues (sells) an IOU to the investor promising to pay an agreed upon amount at a given time.
Is a unit of ownership of a company.
Means the unit price of a share.
Means an order to sell a security posted on the Trading Board.
Is an order to buy a security posted on the Trading Board.
Means the step by step increase or decrease in price by which bids and offers may be raised or lowered.
This is when a company goes public by issuing its shares to the general public i.e. selling partial ownership to the public
A company whose securities are listed with the exchange.
Means a security which has been admitted to the listing in the Exchange.
Means a listed company constituted for the purpose of undertaking on his behalf as well as on behalf of the clients all transactions for which he is responsible in the course of exercising his functions as a stockbroker.
Means that the bidder or offeror is only interested in buying or selling the total number of shares displayed on the Trading Board and does not wish the order to be What is a reduced in size.
Means the day on which the registration of a company is closed.
Is a market which an initial call in a particular security the aggregate nominal amount of bids exceeds the aggregate nominal amount of offers.
Means the amount of interest, which a bond pays, on its nominal value.
Means the proportion of profits, which is paid out to shareholders in a company, often paid in two installments as an interim and final dividend.
Means the number of times a company could pay its annual dividend from its Earnings.
Means Price – Earnings ratio, a relative measure of how cheap or dear a company’s Shares are.
Means a statement indicating the results of the operations over a Period of time, usually one year.
Is a market where in the initial call in a particular security the aggregate Nominal amount of offers exceeds the aggregate nominal amount of bids.
Means the facility/computer screen provided for matching offers and bids on The market.
An annual general meeting is a meeting which must be held by all public companies, which sell shares on the securities exchange. Here, a report on the company’s performance is made to shareholders and shareholders are given the right to vote on major policy decisions concerning the company.
Is a document that gives the financial and management details of a company i.e. the financial history and future plans of the company.

When you buy shares of a company you become a part owner of that company and therefore will be entitled to get a share of the profits of the company which come in the form of dividends.

When you buy shares of a company you become a part owner of that company and therefore will be entitled to get a share of the profits of the company which come in the form of dividends.

This refers to the increase in the value of your investment in shares.